鋼琴家│歐薩娜雅布隆絲卡亞 (Oxana Yablonskaya)

 

有『蘇聯秘密武器』美稱的雅布隆絲卡亞,於1977年從俄國到美國,並在林肯中心舉辦其美國的第一場鋼琴獨奏會,獲得極大的讚賞。自此之後,其在卡內基廳舉辦的獨奏會,票房隨即銷售一空,並使其名列當今世界最傑出的鋼琴家之一,而其演奏足跡遍及世界各地50餘國、各個最知名的音樂廳,包括卡內基音樂廳、林肯中心、倫敦的亞柏廳(Royal Albert Hall in London)、阿姆斯特丹的皇家大會堂、芝加哥的管絃樂堂(Orchestra Hall in Chicago)等,並與世界各大知名樂團合作演出、出版過超過四十張唱片專輯。而其在多倫多與加拿大國家管絃樂團合作,由羅斯托波維契(Mstislav Rostropovich)指揮,演出拉赫曼尼諾夫第三號鋼琴協奏曲,更被當地媒體譽為「聽她彈奏的拉赫曼尼諾夫第三號,令人感覺這曲子彷彿是為她而量身訂製的!」

  雅布隆絲卡亞是眾鋼琴家中傳承自俄國學院派的正統典範之一,師事學派奠基巨頭Alexander Goldenweiser、與巴哈權威妮可拉耶娃(Tatiana Nikolayeva)。從她的身上為人所見的是代表著學院最正統、經典的演奏技巧和歷史傳承意義,豐富靈性使其散發出優雅高貴的氣質並享有崇高的地位。而其以強大的觸鍵、敏捷的速度及晶瑩剔透的音色將貝多奏鳴曲的深層靈魂賦與生命的詮釋,並被古典音樂權威-留聲機雜誌(The Gramophone)更讚譽為「卓越的藝術家」!

    雅布隆絲卡亞是當世少數仍活躍於世界巡迴演出、教學的鋼琴大師。冷戰時期突破重圍,雅布隆絲卡亞曾榮獲隆堤柏音樂大賽(Marguerite Long-Jacques Thibaud Competition(1963)Rio de Janeiro大賽 (1965),維也納貝多芬大賽(Vienna Beethoven Competition(1969)等大賽獎項。目前已自紐約茱麗亞音樂學院退休,在繁忙演出行程之餘,也持續指導、培育優秀音樂人才。 

 

 

Oxana Yablonskaya, pianist

Oxana Yablonskaya's charismatic piano playing and profound interpretations have brought her acclaim for over thirty years. Known for her powerhouse virtuosity, exquisite sensitivity, and deep emotional drive, Ms. Yablonskaya has enchanted audiences world-wide.

Oxana Yablonskaya was born in Moscow. As an adolescent she attended The Moscow Central School for the Gifted under the tutelage of Anaida Sumbatyan (who also taught Vladimir Ashkenazy) with whom she worked with until the age of 16. She later studied at the Conservatory of Moscow with the legendary Aleksandre Goldenweiser. At 22, she began a professional relationship with Tatiana Nikolayeva in the Doctorate Program, later acting as her assistant at the Moscow Conservatory. Following graduation with high honors, she was introduced to the Western World in Paris at the Jacques Long-Thibaud Competition in 1963, the Rio de Janeiro Competition in 1965, and the Vienna Beethoven Competition in 1969. She won top prizes in all three competitions, and received numerous invitations for return engagements, but because of the Cold War, was not allowed to do so.

While still in the USSR, Ms. Yablonskaya performed Shostakovich's Piano Concerto #1 with the Moscow Philharmonic under conductor Yury Simonov at the Composers Jubilee Concert in the Kremlin. She was the first performer to play Rodion Shchedrin's "Basso Ostinato," which became her signature piece. Her status as a consummate professional was heightened by many prominent Soviet and foreign composers dedicating their music to her.

Despite the reputation she had earned within the Soviet Union and being a prize winner of three international competitions, she was never permitted to play outside the Eastern Bloc. Yet, she recorded for the Melodya label and had earned the prestigious title of Soloist of the Moscow Philharmonic. The title put her in the company of elite artists such as Gilels, Richter, Rostropovich, Oistrakh and Kogan. Outstanding solo performances with the Bolshoi Orchestra, the Moscow Stars series, and the Shostokovich 65th Birthday Celebration Concert were confirmations of her remarkable talent.

In 1975, distressed over constant restraints on her personal and artistic freedom, she applied for a U.S. visa. Her actions resulted in a loss of her position as a professor at the Moscow Conservatory. She inherently was deprived of all concert engagements. She waited more than two years for a visa and finally, she was allowed to leave the country with her father and young son due to the diligence and petitioning by Leonard Bernstein, Stephen Sondheim, Richard Rodgers, Katherine Hepburn, Bar Ilan, and over 45 famous writers, musicians, senators, and actors.

Ms. Yablonskaya arrived in New York in 1977, unknown, unheralded, and not having touched a piano in more than two years. She made her first New York appearance in a recital at the Alice Tully Hall in Lincoln Center only four months later, and received laudatory acclaim from the press. Her Carnegie Hall debut recital the following October was attended by a capacity crowd, and she has since taken her place among the major pianists of the world.

Once considered 'The best kept secret of the Soviet Union,' Ms. Yablonskaya has now performed in more than 40 countries.

Following her triumph at her London recital debut in the Queen Elizabeth Hall in 1982, the Daily Telegraph wrote: "Yablonskaya is the sort of pianist who accomplishes with ease and naturalness what others struggle for a lifetime to achieve." In 1986, following her Canadian performance with the National Symphony under conductor Mstislav Rostropovich, a music critic of the Toronto Star wrote, "She played Rachmaninoff's 3rd as if it was written for her.

Ms. Yablonskaya has emerged as one of the most compelling talents of her generation. She has performed with many of the finest symphony orchestras in the world and with many of the leading conductors of our time. An extraordinary recitalist, she is equally renowned for solo performances with orchestras such as:

Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, BBC Philharmonic Orchestra, Bolshoi Orchestra, Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra, Berlin Radio Symphony, Capetown Symphony Orchestra, Dallas Symphony Orchestra, Denver Symphony Orchestra, Detroit Symphony Orchestra, El Paso Symphony Orchestra, Flagstaff Festival Orchestra, Florida Gulf Coast Symphony, Gurzenich Orchester, Halle Orchestra, Hamilton (Ontario) Symphony Orchestra, Hong Kong Symphony Orchestra, Houston Symphony Orchestra, KBS Symphony Orchestra, Lexington Philharmonic Orchestra, Melbourne Symphony Orchestra, Moscow Philharmonic, Moscow Symphony Orchestra, Monterey County Symphony Orchestra, Nagoya Philharmonic Orchestra, National Symphony Orchestra USA, National Taiwan Symphony Orchestra , National Symphony Orchestra S. Africa, New Jersey Symphony Orchestra, New West Symphony, Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie, Norfolk Symphony Orchestra, Norwalk Symphony Orchestra, Novicibirsk Philharmonic Orchestra, Oakland Symphony Orchestra, Orchestra London (Canada), Orquesta Sinfonia de Castilla y Leon, Orquesta Sinfonia Brasileira, Osaka Philharmonic Orchestra, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Quebec Symphony Orchestra, Queensland Symphony Orchestra, Residence Orchestra of The Hague, Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, San Antonio Symphony Orchestra, Santa Barbara Symphony Orchestra, Singapore Symphony Orchestra, State Orchestra of the USSR, Strasbourg Philharmonic Orchestra, Sydney Symphony Orchestra, Syracuse Symphony Orchestra, Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra, Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra, Vienna Radio Symphony, Warsaw Radio Symphony, West Australian Symphony Orchestra, Taipei Symphony Orchestra, White Plains Symphony Orchestra, Wichita Symphony Orchestra, Williamsburg Symphonia, Worthing Symphony, Yomiuri Symphony Orchestra.

In addition to Carnegie Hall and Lincoln Center, she has performed in the Royal Albert Hall in London, Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires, Suntory Hall in Tokyo, Orchestra Hall in Chicago, Royal Concergebouw, Amsterdam, Great Hall of Moscow Conservatory, Great Hall of St. Petersburgh Philharmonic, Queen Elizabeth Hall in London, Sheldonyan Theatre and Holywell Music Room in Oxford, England and many more.

Ms. Yablonskaya has collaborated in performances with celebrated conductors such as:

Alexander Anissimov, Yury Aronovitch, Rudolf Barshai, Herbert Bloomstaadt, Boris Brott, Abraham Chavez, Sergiu Comissiona, Franz Paul Decker, Alexander Dmitriev, Lawrence Foster, Youosh Forst, Pierro Gamba, Fedor Gluschenko, Inbal, Arnold Katz, Anton Kersies, Dmitry Kitaenko, Eric Klaas, Kirill Kondrashin, Uri Maier, Fuat Mansurov, Nathan Rakhlin, Mstislev Rostropovitch, Gennady Rozhdestvensky, Yury Simonov, Stanislaw Skrowachevsky, Pavel Sorokin, Yevgeny Svetlanov, Yuly Turowsky, Victor Yampolsky.

In 1990, after a 13 year absence, Ms. Yablonskaya returned to Russia for a sold-out concert, master classes and recitals at the Moscow Conservatory. Since then she has returned on a regular basis and is once more recognized as an elite piano virtuoso in Russia.

In recent years, Ms. Yablonskaya has collaborated with her son, renowned cellist/conductor, Dmitry Yablonsky. Their concerts have enjoyed vast public and critical acclaim. The New York Times called their Carnegie Hall debut, "A vibrant dialog." Their recordings together include duo performances for cello and piano as well as Khachaturian and Glasunov piano concertos recorded with the Moscow Symphony Orchestra, Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, Prokofieff, Brahms, Liszt 1st concertos and Chopin 1st and 2nd Concertos with Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra and Mr. Yablonsky conducting.

In addition to her success as a concert pianist and recording artist, Ms. Yablonskaya has held the position of Professor of Piano at The Julliard School in New York City. She has lectured numerous master classes at many distinguished music schools, academies, conservatories and festivals throughout the world such as Newport and Bowdin in USA, Flaine and Tours in France, Lago Maggiore in Switzerland, Oxford Philomusica in England. Dr.Yablonskaya is a Co-Founder of Puigcerda Musica Clasica International Festival in Spain since 1998.

Ms. Yablonskaya also serves on the jury of many international piano competitions such as Leeds in England, Fraz Liszt in the Netherlands, Prokofiev in St. Petersburgh, Russia, Hamamatsu in Japan, competitions in Taiwan, Andorra, at the 2005 Seiler International Piano Competition and Vladimir Horowitz International Piano Competition.

 

Among her numerous recordings, Ms. Yablonskaya's Liszt/Schubert CD won the Grand Prix du Disque from the International Liszt Society in Budapest. In the December 1995 review of her Tchaikovsky CD, the American Record Guide wrote, "Oxana Yablonskaya is an artist who deserves to be heard and in any repertory she chooses."